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Jackson Randy, Lecturer

Randy Jackson

Lecturer

Graduate Students, Faculty
School of Social Work

Faculty
Department of Health Aging & Society

Area(s) of Interest:

Biography

What makes it possible for people with HIV to live longer and better lives? Some insights might be found among Canada’s Aboriginal communities. Among many Aboriginal groups, HIV rates are rising, and yet many who have the virus live comparatively stable, happy and long lives.

Randy Jackson has become an expert in understanding the long-term wellness among HIV-positive Aboriginal men. Dissatisfied with existing research, which tended to focus excessively on pathologizing Indigenous people, Jackson worked with the communities he was studying to find a different perspective. Health-care providers acknowledged the challenges of HIV in their communities, but also identified resilience among those who accessed their services. They wanted to understand this resilience better.

Jackson continues to study how indigenous ways of knowing the world and being in the world can influence resilience. By better understanding the role of culture in the lives of people living with HIV, Jackson reveals parts of the bigger picture of the sociological facets of human health.

Jackson teaches courses in Aboriginal Health and Wellness, and also in the Community-Based Research methods that are at the heart of his own research. This community-based approach has broad implications and potential, providing new insights into the ways resilience – not just physical, but also spiritual, emotional and mental – can be grounded in Indigenous knowledge, community and worldviews.

Education

  • McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Ph.D. Candidate in Social Work (in progress)
  • University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, M.A. in Sociology (2003)
  • University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, B.A. in Social Science (1994)

Research

Selected Publications

Peer-reviewed

Oliver, V., Flicker, S., Danforth, J., Konsmo, E., Wilson, C., Jackson, R., Restoule, JP., Prentice, T., Larkin, J., Mitchell, C. (2015). “Women are supposed to be the leaders”: Intersections of gender, race and colonisation in HIV prevention with Indigenous young people. Culture, Health and Sexuality. Vol. 17 (No. 7): 906-918.

Flicker, S., Danforth, J., Oliver, V., Wilson, C., Konsmo, E., Larkin, J., Restoule, J-P., Mitchell, C., Jackson, R., Prentice, T. (2014). “Because we have Really Unique Art”: Indigenous Youth Arts-Based HIV Prevention. International Journal of Indigenous Health. 10 (1): 16-34.

Scheim, AI., Jackson, R., James, L., Dopler, TS., Pyne, J., & Bauer, G. (2013). Barriers to Well-Being for Aboriginal Gender-Diverse People: Results from the Trans PULSE Project in Ontario. Ethnicity and Inequalities in Health and Social Care. Vol. 6 (No. 4): 108-120.

Flicker, S., Danforth, J., Konsmo, E., Wilson, C., Oliver, V., Jackson, R., Prentice, T., Larkin, J., Restoule, J-P., Mitchel, C. “Because we are Natives and we stand strong to our pride: Decolonizing HIV prevention with Aboriginal Youth in Canada using the arts. Canadian Journal of Aboriginal Community-Based HIV/AIDS Research. 5: 4-23.

Cain, R., Evan, C., Bereket, T., George, C., Jackson, R., Li, A., Prentice, T., Travers, R. (2013). Challenges to the Involvement of People Living with HIV in Community-based HIV/AIDS Organizations in Ontario, Canada. AIDS Care. Vol. 26 (No. 2): 263-6.

Cain, R., Jackson, R., Prentice, T., Collins, E., Mill, J., Barlow, K. (2013). The Experience of HIV Diagnosis Among Aboriginal People Living With HIV/AIDS and Depression. Qualitative Health Research. Vol. 23 (No. 6): 815-824.

Peltier, D., Jackson, R. Prentice, T., Masching, R., Monette, L., Fong, M., Shore, K. (2013). When Women Pick Up Their Bundles: HIV Prevention and Related Service Needs of Aboriginal Women in Canada. In Gahagan, J. (Ed.), HIV Prevention and Women in Canada. Toronto, Ontario: Canadian Scholars’ Press.

Mill, J.E., Wong, T., Archibald, C., Sommerfeldt, S., Worthington, C., Jackson, R., Prentice, T., Myers, T. (2012). AIDS is Something Scary: Canadian Aboriginal Youth and HIV Testing. Pimatisiwin. Vol. 9 (No. 2): 277-299.

Prentice, T., Mill, J., Archibald, C., Sommerfeldt, S., Worthington, C., Jackson, R., Wong, T. (2011). Aboriginal Youth Experiences of Accessing HIV Care and Treatment. Journal of HIV/AIDS and Social Services. Vol. 10 (No. 4): 395-413.

Cain, R., Jackson, R., Prentice, T., Mill, J., Collins, E., Barlow, K. (2011). Depression among Aboriginal People Living with HIV in Canada. Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health. Vol. 30 (No. 1): 105-120.

Mill, J., Edwards, N., Jackson, R., MacLean, L., Chaw-Kant, J. (2011). Stigmatization as a Social Control Mechanism for Persons Living with HIV and AIDS. Qualitative Health Research. Vol. 21 (No. 5): 1469-1483.

Lakhani, A., Oliver, V., Yee, J., Jackson, R. Flicker, S. (2010). “Keep the Fire Burning Brightly”: Aboriginal Youth Using Hip Hop to Decolonize a Chilly Climate. In L.A. Sandberg and T. Sandberg (Eds.), Climate Change-Who’s Carrying the Burden? (pgs. 205-216). Ottawa, Ontario: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives.

Worthington, C., Jackson, R., Mill, J., Prentice, T., Myers, T., Sommerfeldt, S. (2010). HIV Testing Experiences of Aboriginal Youth in Canada: Service Implication. AIDS Care. Vol. 22 (No. 10): 1269-1276.

Mill, J. Edwards, N., Jackson, R., Austin, W., MacLean, L, Reintjes. (2009). Accessing Health Services While Living with HIV: Intersections of Stigma. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research. Vol. 41 (No. 3): 168-185.

Ricci, C., Flicker, S., Jalon, O., Jackson, R. & Smilie-Adiarkwa, C. (2009). HIV Prevention with Aboriginal Youth: A Global Scoping Review.  In F. Handy & M. Bunch (Eds). Sense & Sustainability: Interdisciplinary Research in Environmental Studies. Toronto, Ontario: York University.

Masching, R., Archibald, L. & Jackson, R. (2009). Capacity-Building as a Component of Aboriginal Community-Based Research.Canadian Journal of Aboriginal Community-Based HIV/AIDS Research.  Vol. 2: 5-24.

Barlow, K., Loppie, C., Jackson, R., Akan, M., MacLean, L., & Reimer, G. (2008). Cultural Competent Service Provision Issues Experienced by Aboriginal People Living with HIV/AIDS. Pimatisiwin. Vol. 6 (No. 2): 155-180.

Mill, J., Jackson, R., Worthington, C., Archibald, C., Wong, T., Myers, T., Prentice, T. & Sommerfeldt, S. (2008). HIV Testing and Care in Canadian Aboriginal Youth: A Community-Based Mixed Methods Study. BMC Infectious Diseases. Vol. 8: 132.

Patterson, M., Jackson, R., Edwards, N. (2006). Ethics in Aboriginal Research: Comments on Paradigm, Process and Two Worlds.Canadian Journal of Aboriginal Community-Based Research. Vol. 1: 47-56.


Selected Presentations at Meetings

Invited

Jackson, R., Hokowhitu, B., Anderson, K., Benjoe, D. (2015). Masculinity: A Roundtable. Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario: Beyond Gender and Decolonization: A Resurgent Gathering.

Jackson, R., Yac Huix, J., Monsall, T., Danforth, J. (2014). Decolonizing HIV: Responses of Indigenous People in Getting to Zero. Melbourne, Australia: 20th International AIDS Conference.

Jackson, R. & O’Brien-Teengs, D. (2014). Ethics in Aboriginal Community-Based Research: Reflecting on Experience towards Bridging Two Worlds. Toronto, Ontario: Toronto Aboriginal Support Services Council.

Jackson, R. & Chambers, L. (2013). Decolonizing Methodologies: Indigenous and African Diasporic HIV Research. Hamilton, Ontario: McMaster University Indigenous Speakers’ Series.

Jackson, R. (2013). Exploring Resiliency and Wellness among 2-Spirit Men Living Long-Term with HIV in Ontario. Hamilton, Ontario: Gilbrea Centre Speakers’ Series.

Jackson, R. (2012). North American Regional Session (Respondent). Washington, DC: XIX International AIDS Conference.

Jackson, R. (2012). Five Critical “Cs” for Mental Health Services: A Focus on Aboriginal People in Canada. Ottawa, Ontario: 7th International Policy Dialogue: HIV/AIDS and Mental Health. (Also invited to re-present presentation in Washington, DC at the XIX International AIDS Conference).

Jackson, R. (2012). A Personal Story of HIV Engagement. Toronto, Ontario. Opening Doors 2012 Conference.

Jackson, R. (2012). Five Critical “Cs” for Mental Health Services: A Focus on Aboriginal People in Canada. Ottawa, Ontario: 7th International Policy Dialogue: HIV/AIDS and Mental Health.

Jackson, R. (2011). “Mino-Bimaadiziwin” and the Way of the Good Life in Research: Reflecting on Using Indigenous Approaches to HIV Research. Canberra, Australia. Australasian HIV/AIDS Conference.

Ristock, J. & Jackson, R. (2010). Meeting Trickster and Learning Community-Based Research Practice. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Canadian Association of HIV Research.

Desbiens, M., Jackson, R., Watson, J., & Chieza, L. (2009). Panel - Shaping the Research that Affects Us: Experience of People with HIV in Research. Toronto, Ontario. Ontario HIV Treatment Network Research Conference.

Jackson, R. (2008). Our Lives – Our Voices: History, Current Trends and the Future of Community-Based Aboriginal HIV/AIDS Research in Canada. Toronto, Ontario: Wise Practices II – Canadian Aboriginal AIDS Network.

Peer-Reviewed

Jackson, R., Nobis, T., Zoccole, A., Georgievski, G., Brennan, D. (2015). Indigenizing scholarship to examine resilience among HIV-positive two-spirit men: the Two-Spirit HIV/AIDS Wellness and Longevity Study (2SHAWLS), Ontario, Canada. Wise Practices V—Canadian Aboriginal AIDS Network: Vancouver, British Columbia. Note: Oral presentation

Brennan, D., Jackson, R., Zoccole, A., Nobis, T., Georgievski, G. (2015). The Seven Truths of Resilience: Findings from the Two-Spirit HIV/AIDS Wellness and Longevity Study (2SHAWLS), Ontario, Canada. 3rd International Association for the Social Sciences and Humanities in HIV: Stellenbosch, South Africa. Note: Oral presentation.

Jackson, R., Brennan, D., Zoccole, A., Nobis, T., Georgievski, G. (2015). The Seven Paths of Resilience: Findings from the Two-Spirit HIV/AIDS Wellness and Longevity Study (2SHAWLS). Toronto, Ontario: Canadian Association of HIV Research. Note: Oral presentation.

Brennan, D., Jackson, R., Nobis, T., Zoccole, A., Georgievski, G., Understanding the Seven Truths of Resilience: Findings from the Two-Spirit HIV/AIDS Wellness and Longevity Study (2SHAWLS), Ontario, Canada. (2015). New Orleans, Louisiana: 2015 Society for Social Work and Research Conference. Note: Oral presentation.

Benoit, A., Raboud, J., Masching, R., Nobis, T., Zoccole, A., Nowgesic, E., Keshane, M., Jackson, R., et al (2015). Increased mortality among Aboriginal persons in a multi-site cohort of people living with HIV in Canada. Toronto, Ontario: Canadian Association of HIV Research. Note: Poster presentation.

Benoit, A., Younger, J., Masching, R., Raboud, A., Nobis, T., Zoccole, A., Nowgesic, E., Keshane, M., Jackson, R., et al (2015). Differences in time to virologic suppression and rebound between Aboriginal Peoples and other ethnic groups among individuals initiating combination antiretroviral therapy in a multisite cohort of individuals living with HIV in Canada.  Toronto, Ontario: Canadian Association of HIV Research. Note: Poster presentation.

Benoit, A., Jaworsky, D., Masching, R., Raboud, J., Hogg, R., … Jackson, R. et al (2015). Building Bridges: A Model for Community Engagement in Epidemiology Research. Toronto, Ontario: Canadian Association of HIV Research. Note: Poster presentation.

Amirault, M., Anaquod, A., Brownlee, P, Greene, S., Hill, C., Ion, A., Jackson, R., Masching, R., Nyman, S., Paul, P., Stonechild, S. (2015). Using Digital Storytelling to Understand Aboriginal Constructions of Housing and Home: Stable Homes, Strong Families. Toronto, Ontario: Canadian Association of HIV Research. Note: Poster presentation.

Jackson, R., Nobis, T., Zoccole, A., Brennan, D, Georgievski, G., (2015). Using the Medicine Wheel in Symbol-based Inquiry: An Indigenizing Approach used in the Two-Spirit HIV/AIDS Wellness and Longevity Study (2SHAWLS). Toronto, Ontario: Canadian Association of HIV Research. Note: Poster presentation.

Amirault, M., Anaquod, J., Brownlee, P., Greene, S., Hill, C., Ion, A., Jackson, R., Masching, R., Nyman, S., Paul, P., Stonechild, S. (2015). Engaging Aboriginal Communities and Organizations in Research: Lessons Learned from Stable Homes, Strong Families. Toronto, Ontario: Canadian Association of HIV Research. Note: Poster presentation.

Masching, R., & Jackson, R. (2014). Reflecting on the Meanings of Research Process. Winnipeg, Manitoba: Canadian-International Network of Indigenous Health Knowledge and Development.

Mashing, R., Jackson, R. (2014). Sharing the Lay of the Land: Understanding Leadership by and for Aboriginal People Living with HIV and AIDS. Winnipeg, Manitoba: Canadian-International Network of Indigenous Health Knowledge and Development.

Wilson, C., Flicker, S., Danforth, J., Konsmo, E., Oliver, V., Jackson, R., Prentice, T., Larkin, J., Restoule, J-P., Mitchell, C. (2014). Culture as Prevention: Indigenous Youth Speak up! Melbourne, Australia: 20th International AIDS Conference.

Zoccole, A., Brennan, D., Nobis, T., Jackson, R., Georgievski, G. (2014). Indigenizing Research Collaboration: An Example from the Two-Spirit HIV/AIDS Wellness and Longevity Study (2SHAWLS). Sydney, Australia: Our Story, Our Time, Our Future—International Indigenous Pre-Conference on HIV/AIDS.

Chambers, L.A., Jackson, R., Masching, R., Tharao, W., Wilson, C., Worthington, C., Mbulaheni, T., Greenspan, N.R., Brownlee, P., Amirault, M., Pierre-Pierre, V., Smillie-Adjarkwa, C. (2014). Exploring Decolonizing, Indigenous and African Diasporic Knowing: A Video Sharing Circle. Sydney, Australia: Our Story, Our Time, Our Future—International Indigenous Pre-Conference on HIV/AIDS.

Rosenes, R., Brennan, D., Jackson, R. (2014).  Gay and 2-Spirit Men Aging with HIV: Leaders in Health … Again. Toronto, Ontario: World Pride Human Rights Conference.

Brennan, D., Georgievski, G., Jackson, R., Nobis, T., Zoccole, A. Lessons Learned in Two-Spirit Research: Two-Spirit HIV/AIDS Wellness and Longevity Study (2-SHAWLS). Toronto, Ontario: World Pride Human Rights Conference.

Nobis, T., Zoccole, A., Brennan, D., Jackson, R., Georgievski, G. (2014). Creating Change in Two-Spirit Research: An Example from the Two-Spirit Longevity Study (2SHAWLS). Toronto, Ontario: Rainbow Health Ontario 2014 Conference.

Rosenes, R., Brennan, D., Jackson, R. (2014). Gay and 2-spirit Men Growing Older With HIV: Leaders in Health … Again.  Toronto, Ontario: Rainbow Health Ontario 2014 Conference.

Chambers, L., Jackson, R., Mbulaheni, T., Worthington, C., Smillie-Adjarkwa, C., Greenspan, NR., Wilson, C., Masching, R., Tharoa, W., Brownlee, P. (2013). Decolonizing Methodologies—Indigenous and African Diasporic HIV Research: Findings from a Scoping Review. Toronto, Ontario: OHTN 2013 Research Conference.

Worthington, C., Tharao, W., Brownlee, P., Jackson, R., Wilson, C., Chambers, L., Pierre-Pierre, V., Smillie-Adjarkwa, C., Amirault, M. (2013). Decolonizing Methodologies—Indigenous and African Diasporic HIV Research: Reflections on a Scoping Review Process. Toronto, Ontario: OHTN 2013 Research Conference.

Masching, R., Pierre-Pierre, V., Amirault, M., Tharao, W., Brownlee, P., Mbulaheni, T., Greenspan, NR., Jackson, R., Worthington, C., Smillie-Adjarkaw, C. (2013). Decolonizing Methodologies—Indigenous and African Diasporic HIV Research: Engaging the Literature. Toronto, Ontario: OHTN 2013 Research Conference.

Worthington, C., Chambers, L., Wilson, C., Jackson, R., Tharao, W., Masching, R. (2013). Decolonizing Methodologies: Indigenous and African Diasporic HIV Research. Paris, France: 2nd International HIV Social Science and Humanities Conference.

Nobis, T., Jackson, R., Zoccole, A., Brennan, D., Brett, C. (2013). Lessons Learned: 2-Spirit Men Living with HIV/AIDS Wellness and Longevity Study. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan: Wise Practices IV: The Role of Research in Getting to Zero.

Peltier, D., Jackson, R., Nowgesic, E. (2012). N’ginaajiwimi: An Indigenous Framework for Resisting the Language of HIV in Research from a Place of Strength. Toronto, Ontario: Ontario HIV Treatment Network Research Conference.

Dassinger, J., Jackson, R., Idems, B., Furlotte, C., Lo, W., O’Neill, L., Plante, C., van Berkel, C. (2012). Occupy! The Year of Protest as a Teachable Moment in Social Work Education (Oral). Waterloo, Ontario: CASWE Conference, Social Work Education at the Crossroad? No Borders?

Cain, R., Jackson, R., Prentice, T., Mill, J., Collins, E., Barlow, K. (2011) Meaning of Depression among Aboriginal People Living with HIV/AIDS and Depression (Oral).Toronto, Ontario: Ontario HIV Treatment Network Research Conference.

Prentice, T. and Jackson, R. (2011). Arts and Aboriginal HIV-related Research: Is Photovoice a Culturally-Relevant Research Methodology? (Oral). Durban, South Africa:  1st International HIV Social Science and Humanities Conference.

Peltier, D., Jackson, R., Prentice, T. et al (2011). Supporting Aboriginal Women’s Involvement: An Example of Writing Using Participatory Action Research Principles (Oral). Toronto, Ontario: Canadian Association of HIV Research.

Flicker, S., Yee, J., Jackson, R., et al. (2011). Taking Action! Building Aboriginal Youth Leadership in HIV Prevention Using Arts-Based Methods (Oral). Toronto, Ontario: Canadian Association of HIV Research.

Masching, R., Dell, C.A., Jackson, R., Prentice, T., McGee, A. (2010). Decolonizing Methodologies Across Cultures: Building Indigenous and Allied Research Capacity (Oral). Suquamish Nation, Poulsbo, Washington State. International Network of Indigenous Health Knowledge and Development Conference.


Community Connections

Ontario HIV Treatment Network (CBR Grant Writing Workshop Series/Organizing Committee), 2012 - Present

Canadian Treatment Action Council (Aboriginal Working Group), 2011 – Present

Ontario Aboriginal HIV/AIDS Strategy (Board of Directors), 2011 - Present