My research centers on gastronomic heritage, the origins and impacts of agriculture in the development of societies, contributions of plants to ritualized activity, the range and diversity of botanical practices, and transformations in human-environment dynamics. I am firmly committed to multidisciplinary approaches to human problems, both past and present, and the dynamic role of ethnobotanical and spatial research in this endeavor. Methodologically, I employ paleoethnobotany, archival research, and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) modeling. I also incorporate linguistic approaches to practice and foodways, charting the dynamic language of ethnobotanical activity in production, reproduction, and transformation. I particularly focus on narratives of "collapse" and resilience as related to human negotiations of ecological variability.
Currently, I am engaged in research in Mexico (Oaxaca and Quintana Roo), Honduras, and Guatemala (2016 & 2017). I am also working on a book that investigates the role of archaeogastronomy in narratives of food security, malnourishment, and resilience. I explore the ways that gastronomic heritage is established through ties to ancient foodways and contextualized through modern conceptions of health and sustainability.
Methodologically, my work employs a multi-pronged approach to human-plant practice. I extract residues from diverse loci including ceramic vessels, stone implements, and sediments, to analyze macrobotanical and microbotanical remains including seeds, phytoliths, and starch grains. I compare these results with historic and ethnographic narratives, and model geographic patterns. The use of GIS has allowed me to explore the spatial dimension of ethnobotanical practice, in the way that the use of paleoethnobotany has allowed me to explore the botanical dimension of placemaking.
With Canadian Foundation for Innovation (CFI) funding, I am now amplifying the infrastructure and resources of McMaster Paleoethnobotany Research Facility (MPERF) for research and training purposes. These facilities are available for extractions, identifications, and analyses of botanical residues from Mesoamerica and Ontario.
My teaching and supervisory interests include: foodways, ethnoecology, paleoethnobotanical analysis, spatial analysis, Mesoamerica, ancient history, and gastronomic heritage.
- Anthrop 3AS3 - Archaeology and Society
- Anthrop 3K03 - Archaeological Interpretation
- Anthrop 2O03 - Themes in Archaeological History of North America
- Anthrop 4E03 - Advanced Topics in Archaeology I
- Anthrop 2O03: Themes in the Archaeological History of North America
Farahani, Alan, Katherine L. Chiou, Rob Q. Cuthrell, Anna Harkey, Shanti Morell-Hart, Christine A. Hastorf, and Payson D. Sheets
(in press) Exploring Culinary Practices through GIS Modeling at Joya de Cerén, El Salvador. In Social Perspectives from Environmental Archaeology Data: Food, Place, and People. Maria Bruno and Matthew Sayre, editors. Springer.
Luna Erreguerena, Pilar, James C. Chatters, Dominique Rissolo, Joaquin Arroyo-Cabrales, Deborah Bolnick, Shanti Morell-Hart, Patricia A. Beddows, Eduard Reinhardt, Alberto Nava-Blank, Alejandro Alvarez, Franco Attolini, and Roberto Chávez-Arce
(in press) Hoyo Negro: Un Sitio Prehistórico en Quintana Roo. In Investigación, Conservación, y Manejo del Patrimonio Cultural Sumergido en México. Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH). Distrito Federal, México.
Chatters, James C., Dominique Rissolo, Joaquin Arroyo-Cabrales, Thomas W. Stafford, Jr., Brian M. Kemp, Alejandro Alvarez, Alberto Nava-Blank, Franco Attolini, Patricia A. Beddows, Eduard Reinhardt, Shawn Kovacs, Shawn Collins, Shanti Morell-Hart, Roberto Chávez-Arce, Susan Bird, and Pilar Luna Erreguerena
(in press) Hoyo Negro: Tapping the Paleoanthropological and Paleoecological Potential of a Deeply Submerged, Underground Chamber on the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. In The Archaeology of Underwater Caves. Peter Campbell, Editor. Oxbow Books.
Herlich, Jessica and Shanti Morell-Hart
2015 Visualization and Collaborative Practice in Paleoethnobotany. The SAA Archaeological Record 15(4):24-30.
2015 The Scene of Disciplined Seeing. Then Dig. http://arf.berkeley.edu/then-dig/2015/06/the-scene-of-disciplined-seeing/
2015 Paleoethnobotanical Analysis, Post-Processing. Method and Theory in Paleoethnobotany. Jade D'Alpoim Guedes, John Marston, and Christina Warinner, editors. University Press of Colorado.
Chatters, James C., Douglas J. Kennett, Yemane Asmerom, Brian M. Kemp, Victor Polyak, Alberto Nava Blank, Patricia Beddows, Eduard Reinhart, Joaquin Arroyo-Cabrales, Deborah A. Bolnik, Ripan S. Malhi, Brendan Culleton, Pilar Luna Erreguerena, Shanti Morell-Hart, Dominique Rissolo, and Thomas W. Stafford
2014 Late Pleistocene Human Skeleton and mtDNA Links Paleoamericans and Modern Native Americans. Science 344(6185), 16 May 2014.
Morell-Hart, Shanti, Rosemary A. Joyce and John S. Henderson
2014 Multi-proxy Analysis of Plant Use at Formative Period Los Naranjos, Honduras. Latin American Antiquity 25(1).
Morehart, Christopher and Shanti Morell-Hart
2013 Beyond the Ecofact: Toward a Social Paleoethnobotany in Mesoamerica. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory20(3).
2012 Foodways and Resilience under Apocalyptic Conditions. Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment (CAFE) 34(2).