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Fudge Judy, Professor (as of July 01, 2018)

photo of Judy Fudge

Judy Fudge

Professor (as of July 01, 2018)

School of Labour Studies

Area(s) of Interest:


Judy Fudge first studied philosophy (McGill BA Hons, York MA) and then turned to law (Osgoode Hall Law School, York University; D Phil, University of Oxford. She began her academic career in Canada, where she was Professor at Osgoode (1987-2006) and Lansdowne Chair in Law at the University of Victoria (2007-2013), before moving to England to teach at teh University of Kent (2013-2018). She has held visiting professorships and fellowships at several universities and institutes. She was a visiting professor at the Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society (REMESO) at Linköping University (Sweden) and the NORMA research environment at the University of Lund University (Sweden), as well as Braudel Fellow at the European University Institute in Florence. In 2014-15, she was a fellow at the Institute of Advanced Studies in Nantes, France and in 2018, she was the Guest of the Director at Re:Work: IGK Work and Human Lifecycle in Global History Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. In 2013, she was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and in 2014, she received an honorary doctorate from the Faculty of Law at the University of Lund.

Judy takes a socio-legal approach to studying work and labour, and is committed to fostering a multi-disciplinary approach to understanding the challenges and opportunities facing workers. Her initial research was on Canadian labour law history and precarious work. She has written widely in the broad area of labour law, most recently focusing on the labour/migration law nexus, citizenship at work and feminist approaches to labour law. She has worked with women's groups, legal clinics, trade unions and the International Labour Organization.

Her most recent work focuses on labour exploitation, modern slavery and unfree labour in the context of labour migration, and she’s working on a book on that topic.


McMaster University 2018-19:

Labour Studies 3C03  Labour Law Policy

Labour Studies 3E03  Gender, Sexuality and Work

Labour Studies 740   Conceptualizing Unfree Labour


Her most recent work focuses on labour exploitation, modern slavery and unfree labour in the context of labour migration, and she’s working on a book on that topic.

Recent Publications include:

“Illegal Working, Migrants and Labour Exploitation in the UK: Liminal Legality and The Immigration Act 2016’” forthcoming in the Oxford Journal of Legal Studies Studies.

Modern Slavery, Unfree Labour and the Labour Market: The Social Dynamics of Legal Characterization”, 27(4) Social and Legal Studies 413-434 (2018).

“Justice For Whom? Migrant Workers in Canada” in J. Brodie (ed) Inequalities and Social Justice in Contemporary Canada (University of Toronto Press 2018).

 ‘The future of the standard employment relationship: Labour law, new institutional economics and old power resource theory’ 59: 3 Journal of Industrial 374-392 (2017).

“Migrant Domestic Workers in British Columbia, Canada Unfreedom, Trafficking and Domestic Servitude” in Johanna Howe and Rosemary Owens, eds., Temporary Labour Migration in a Globalised World: The Regulatory Challenges (Oxford: Hart 2016).

“Feminist Reflections on the Scope of Labour Law: Domestic Work, Social Reproduction, and Jurisdiction,” 22(1) Feminist Legal Studies 1-23 (2014).

‘Making Claims for Migrant Workers: Human Rights and Citizenship,’ 18(1) Citizenship Studies 29-45 (2014).